Autodesk Revit Structure: Fundamentals | ASCENT – Specifications


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This student guide is intended to introduce students to the user interface and the basic building components of the software that makes it a powerful and flexible structural modeling tool. The goal is to familiarize you with the tools required to create, modify, analyze, and document the parametric model. Prerequisites: This student guide introduces the fundamental skills in learning how to use the Autodesk Revit Structure software. Autodesk Revit Architectural Command Reference.

Autodesk Revit Architecture Basics. Commercial Design Using Autodesk Revit Autodesk Revit 10 3MB Read more. Autodesk Revit Structures Fundamentals.

Your name. Close Submit. Continue using Next and Previous to move through the list. Click Close when you are done. View Window Each view of a project opens in its own window. Each view displays a Navigation Bar for quick access to viewing tools and the View Control Bar, as shown in Figure In 3D views you can also use the ViewCube to rotate the view.

Switch Windows and select the view from You can Tile or Cascade views. You can also type the shortcuts WC to cascade the windows or WT to tile the windows. The View Control Bar shown in Figure , displays at the bottom of each view window. It controls aspects of that view, such as the scale and detail level. It also includes tools that display parts of the view and hide or isolate elements in the view. Save Revit file Opens any Revit file type. They are initially based on template files.

They include elements that can stand alone e. Title block and Annotation Symbol files are special types of family files. They are designed to hold standard information and settings for creating new project files. The software includes several templates for various types of projects. You can also create custom templates. The Open dialog box opens as shown in Figure , in which you can navigate to the required folder and select a project file.

This screen also displays if you close all projects. Figure You can select the picture of a recently opened project or use one of the options on the left to open or start a new project using the default templates. At this point, the project manager creates a central file with multiple worksets such as element interiors, building shell, and site that are used by the project team members.

When you open a workset related file it creates a new local file on your computer as shown in Figure Do not work in the main central file. It is very important that everyone working on a project uses the same software release.

You can open files created in earlier versions of the software in comparison to your own, but you cannot open files created in newer versions of the software.

When you open a file created in an earlier version, the Model Upgrade dialog box shown in Figure indicates the release of a file and the release to which it will be upgraded. If required, you can cancel the upgrade before it completes.

The template file includes preset levels, views, and some families, such as wall styles and text styles. Check with your BIM Manager about which template you need to use for your projects. Your company might have more than one based on the types of building that you are designing. New [ Family Creates a set of custom com ponents to use in p roje rts.

Figure 1 -3 6 2. In the New Project dialog box shown in Figure , select the template that you want to use and click O K. The list of Template files is set in the Options dialog box in the File Locations pane. It might vary depending on the installed product and company standards. If the project has not yet been saved, the Save As dialog box opens, where you can specify a file location and name.

If you have not saved in a set amount of time, the software opens the Project Not Saved Recently alert box, as shown in Figure Select Save the project. If you want to set reminder intervals or not save at this time, select the other options.

In the File tab, click Options to open the Options dialog box. In the left pane, select General and set the interval as shown in Figure Backup copies are numbered incrementally e. In the Save As dialog box, click Options The default number is three backups.

If you exceed this number, the software deletes the oldest backup file. Hint; Saving Worltset-Related Projects If you use worksets in your project, you need to save the project locally and to the central file.

It is recommended to save the local file frequently, just like any other file, and save to the central file every hour or so. After you save to the central file, save the file locally again. At the end of the day, or when you are finished with the current session, use Synchronize and Modify Settings to relinquish the files you have been working on to the central file.

Once in a view, you can use the Zoom controls to navigate in it. You can zoom in and out and pan in any view. There are also special tools for viewing in 3D. When you save a model and exit the software, the pan and zoom location of each view is remembered.

This is especially important for complex models. Zoom and Pan can be performed at any time while using other commands.

You can also access them from most shortcut menus and by typing the shortcut commands. Drag the cursor or select two points to define the rectangular area you want to zoonn into. This is the default command. Zoom Out 2x ZO Zooms out to half the current magnification around the center of the elements. There are two types of 3D views: isometric views created by the Default 3D View command and perspective views created by the Camera command.

Figure Enhanced in Working in 3D views helps you visualize the project and position some of the elements correctly. You can create and modify elements in both isometric and perspective 3D views, just as you can in plan views. The default 3D Southeast isometric view opens, as shown in Figure You can spin the view to a different angle using the mouse wheel or the middle button of a three-button mouse. Modify the view to display the building from other directions.

All types o f views can be renamed. If you modified the default 3D view but did not save it to a new name, the Default 3D View command opens the view in the last orientation you specified. How To: Create a Perspective View 1. Switch to a Floor Plan view. Place the camera on the view. Point the camera in the direction in which you want it to shoot by placing the target on the view, as shown in Figure Figure 5.

In tlie Properties palette scroll down and adjust the Eye Elevation and Target Elevation as required. Shadows display in any model view, not just in the 3D views.

Visual Styles Any view can have a visual style applied. The Visual Style options found in the View Control Bar as shown in Figure , specify the shading of the building model. These options apply to plan, elevation, section, and 3D views. This can be useful when you are dealing with complex intersections, S’ Hidden Line displays the lines, edges, and surfaces of the elements, but it does not display any colors. This is the most common visual style to use while working on a design.

Shaded and Consistent Colors give you a sense of the materials, including transparent glass. An example that uses Consistent Colors is shown in Figure Figure 1 -4 9 Realistic displays what is shown when you render the view, including RPC Rich Photorealistic Content components and artificial lights. It takes a lot of computer power to execute this visual style. Therefore, it is better to use the other visual styles most of the time as you are working.

It gradually moves from draft resolution to photorealistic. You can stop the process at any time. Show Rendering Dialog is only available in 3D views. In this practice you will open a project file and view each of the various areas in the interface. You will investigate elements, commands, and their options. You will also open views through the Project Browser and view the model in 3D, as shown in Figure Task 1 – Explore the interface.

In the Open dialog box, navigate to the practice files folder and select Syracuse-Suites-M. Click Open. The 3D view of the building opens in the view window. If the Project Browser and Properties palette are docked over each other, use the Project Browser tab at the bottom to display it.

It opens a plan with the Visual Style set to Wireframe so that the footings and foundation walls display, although there is a slab over them. The lines that are hidden in the view display as dashed, as shown in Figure The strip footings and spread footings display as continuous lines because they are not obscured by a slab, as shown in Figure Double-click the mouse wheel or type ZE to zoom to the extents of the view.

ZA zooms to the extents of all of the opened view windows. Find the section marker that extends vertically along the model as shown in Figure You can navigate through your model by double-clicking on the element in the Project Browser, or by using the graphical view elements in the model. In the section view, zoom in on the area in which the callout has been placed as shown in Figure IO Figure This is a full 3D floor element. The Properties palette displays the Instance Parameters for the element, as shown in Figure Any changes made here are applied to the selected element only.

In terio r slabs, w alls Rebar Co ver – Bo tto In terio r slabs, vvalls In terio r slabs, w a lls,.. Figure 1 -5 9 Any changes made here to the element are applied to all its other instances in the project. Click Cancel to close the Type Properties dialog box.

Select one of the bolted connections. This is a detail component 2D element. The growing list of opened windows displays as shown in Figure This can quickly become a management issue once the model size increases. Pk’t – Structural Plan: 00 T. Type WT to tile the windows. Type ZA to zoom extents in both windows, as shown in Figure This view configuration is useful when placing elements in a model.

Click inside the 3D view window. Move the mouse to dynamically view the 3D model. You can also navigate in 3D using the ViewCube in the upper right corner of the view. In the upper right corner of the view, click Close to close the 3D view.

This also works when many views are open. Expand the Application Menu and click project. Do not save changes. When you create a project in the Autodesk Revit software, do you work in 3D as shown on the left in Figure or 2D as shown on the right in Figure ? You work in 2D in plan views and in 3D in non-plan views. You work in 3D almost all of the time, even when you are using what looks like a flat view. You work in 2D in plan and section views and in 3D in isometric views. What is the purpose of the Project Browser?

It enables you to browse through the building project, similar to a walk through. It is the interface for managing all of the files that are required to create the complete architectural model of the building.

It manages multiple Autodesk Revit projects as an alternative to using Windows Explorer. It is used to access and manage the views of the project. Which part s of the interface changes according to the command you are using? Select all that apply.

Ribbon b. View Control Bar c. Options Bar d. The difference between Type Properties and Properties the ribbon location is shown in Figure is Properties stores parameters that apply to the selected individual element s.

Type Properties stores parameters that impact every element of the same type in the project. Properties stores the location parameters of an element. Type Properties stores the size and identity parameters of an element. Properties only stores parameters of the view.

Type Properties stores parameters of model components. When you start a new project, how do you specify the base information in the new file? Transfer the base information from an existing project. Select the right template for the task. The Autodesk Revit software automatically extracts the base information from imported or linked file s. Use Default 3D View for exterior views and Camera for interiors. Default 3D View creates a static image and a Camera view is live and always updated.

Default 3D View is isometric and a Camera view is perspective. Default 3D View is used for the overall building and a Camera view is used for looking in tight spaces. Using these tools with drawing aids helps you to place and modify elements to create accurate building models.

Properties, temporary dimensions, and controls. As you are working, several features called drawing aids display, as shown in Figure They help you to create designs quickly and accurately. These tools work with both 3D and 2D elements in the software. Draw Tools Many linear elements such as walls, beams, ducts, pipes, and conduits are modeled using the tools on the contextual tab on the Draw panel, as shown for walls in Figure Other elements such as floors, ceilings, roofs, and slabs have boundaries that are sketched using many of the same tools.

Draw tools are also used when you create details or schematic drawings. How To: Create Linear Elements 1. Start the command you want to use. Select points to define the elements. You can change from one Draw tool shape to another in the middle of a command. Start another command. Different options display according to the type of element that is selected or the command that is active.

C h a in O ffs e t: R ad iu s : Figure Chain: Controls how many segments are created in one process. If this option is not selected, the Line and Arc tools only create one segment at a time.

Offset: Enables you to enter values so you can create linear elements at a specified distance from the selected points or element. Radius: Enables you to enter values when using a radial tool or to add a radius to the corners of linear elements as you sketch them. If Chain is enabled, you can continue selecting end points for multiple segments. Rectangle Draws a rectangle defined by two opposing corner points. You can adjust the dimensions after selecting both points.

Inscribed Polygon Draws a polygon inscribed in a hypothetical circle with the number of sides specified in the Options Bar. Circumscribed Polygon Draws a polygon circumscribed around a hypothetical circle with the number of sides specified in the Options Bar. Circle Draws a circle defined by a center point and radius.

Start-EndRadius Arc Draws a curve defined by a start, end, and radius of the arc. The outside dimension shown is the included angle of the arc. The inside dimension is the radius. Center-ends Arc Draws a curve defined by a center, radius, and included angle. The selected point of the radius also defines the start point of the arc.

Tangent End Arc Draws a curve tangent to another element. Select an end point for the first point, but do not select the intersection of two or more elements. Then select a second point based on the included angle of the arc. Fillet Arc Draws a curve defined by two other elements and a radius.

Because it is difficult to select the correct radius by clicking, this command automatically moves to edit mode. Select the dimension and then modify the radius of the fillet. Spline Draws a spline curve based on selected points. The curve does not actually touch the points Model and Detail Lines only. Ellipse Draws an ellipse from a primary and secondary axis Model and Detail Lines only. Partial Ellipse Draws only one side of the ellipse, like an arc.

A partial ellipse also has a primary and secondary axis Model and Detail Lines only. This is useful when you start the project from an imported 2D drawing.

If you drag from right to left, you select elements both inside and crossing the window. Page 11 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure If several elements are on or near each other, press to cycle through them before you click. If there are elements that might be linked to each other, such as walls that are connected, pressing selects the chain of elements. You can also right-click in the view window with nothing selected and select Select Previous. Figure Hint: Measuring Tools When modifying a model, it is useful to know the distance between elements.

Measure Between Two References – Select two elements and the measurement displays. Measure Along An Element – Select the edge of a linear element and the total length displays.

Use to select other elements and then click to measure along all of them, as shown in Figure Page 12 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Figure References include any snap point, wall lines, or other parts of elements such as door center lines.

Filtering Selection Sets When multiple element categories are selected, the Multi-Select contextual tab opens in the ribbon. This gives you access to all of the Modify tools, and the Filter command. The Filter command enables you to specify the types of elements to select. For example, you might only want to select columns, as shown in Figure Select everything in the required area.

The Filter dialog box opens, as Note The Filter dialog box displays all types of elements in the original selection. Click Check None to clear all of the options or Check All to select all of the options. You can also select or clear individual categories as required. Click OK. The selection set is now limited to the elements you specified. The number of elements selected displays on the right end of the status bar and in the Properties palette.

Clicking Filter in the Status Bar also opens the Filter dialog box. Hint: Selection Options You can control how the software selects specific elements in a project by toggling Selection Options on and off on the Status Bar, as shown in Figure Alternatively, in any tab on the ribbon, expand the Select panel’s title and select the option. When it is toggled off you cannot select them when using Modify or Move.

Select underlay elements: When toggled on, you can select underlay elements. When toggled off, you cannot select them when using Modify or Move.

Select pinned elements: When toggled on, you can selected pinned elements. Select elements by face: When toggled on you can select elements such as the floors or walls in an elevation by selecting the interior face or selecting an edge. When toggled off, you can only select elements by selecting an edge. Drag elements on selection: When toggled on, you can hover over an element, select it, and drag it to a new location.

When toggled off, the Crossing or Box select mode starts when you press and drag, even if you are on top of an element. Once elements have been selected they can still be dragged to a new location.

Note Estimated time for completion: 10 minutes In this practice you will use a variety of ways to select elements, use the Filter dialog box to only select one type of element, select only elements of one type in the view, and use the Type Selector to change the type.

You will then modify element locations using temporary dimensions as shown in Figure Figure Task 1: Select elements 1. Open the project Practice-Model-Select-M. Select a point just outside the upper left corner of the building. Hold the mouse button and drag a window toward the lower right corner, as shown in Figure Select a second point.

All of the elements inside the window are selected and those outside the window are not selected. Select two points from just outside the upper right corner of the building to the lower left corner, as shown in Figure All of the elements inside and touching the window are selected. In the Status Bar, click Filter. In the Filter dialog box shown in Figure , review the selected element categories. Note The numbers here and in the next steps might be slightly different depending on your selection set.

Figure 8. Click Check None. Select only the Structural Columns category and click OK. The total number of Structural Columns in the selection set displays in the Status Bar as shown in Figure In Properties, the display indicates that multiple Families are selected. Click in empty space to clear the selection.

Zoom in on the lower left corner of the building and select one Structural Column as shown in Figure In the Type Selector, the column name and type are displayed as shown in Figure The total number of this type of column displays in the Status Bar by Filter and in Properties. The view regenerates and the selected columns are updated to the new type.

Press to release the selection set. Task 2: Using temporary dimensions 1. Zoom out to see the entire building. Select Grid C. If the temporary dimensions are not displayed, in the Options Bar, click Activate Dimensions. The temporary dimensions are automatically connected to the closest structural elements.

Use the Move Witness Line controls on the temporary dimensions and move them to the nearest grid lines as shown in Figure Click Make this temporary dimension line permanent. Page 19 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals 7. Click in empty space to release the selection. The new dimensions are now part of the view. Select Grid C again. Click Activate Dimensions, if required. Select the lower dimension text and change it to mm as shown in Figure The model regenerates and the percentage of completion is displayed in the Status Bar as shown in Figure This change is being made to the grid and throughout the model, wherever elements touch the grid.

Save and close the project. Additional modifying tools can be used with individual elements or any selection of elements. Other tools are covered later. For most modify commands, you can either select the elements and start the command, or start the command, select the elements, and press to finish the selection and move to the next step in the command.

Page 20 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Moving and Copying Elements The Move and Copy commands enable you to select the element s and move or copy them from one place to another. You can use alignment lines, temporary dimensions, and snaps to help place the elements, as shown in Figure Hint: Nudge Nudge enables you to move an element in short increments. When an element is selected, you can press one of the four arrow keys to move the element in that direction.

The distance the element moves depends on how far in or out you are zoomed. Select the elements you want to move or copy. In the Modify panel, click Move or Copy. A boundary box displays around the selected elements. Select a move start point on or near the element. Use alignment lines and temporary dimensions to help place the elements.

When you are finished, you can start another modify command using the elements that remain selected, or switch back to Modify to end the command. If you start the Move command and hold , the elements are copied. Constrain Restricts the movement of the cursor to horizontal or vertical, or along the axis of an item that is at an angle.

This keeps you from selecting a point at an angle by mistake. Constrain is off by default. Disjoin Breaks any connections between the elements being moved and other elements. If Disjoin is on, the elements move separately. If it is Move only off, the connected elements also move or stretch. Disjoin is off by default. Multiple Enables you to make multiple copies of one selection. Multiple is off by default. Page 21 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Copy only These commands only work in the current view, not between views or projects.

Hint: Pinning Elements If you do not want elements to be moved, you can pin them in place, as shown in Figure Select the elements and in the Modify tab, in the Modify panel, click Pin.

Pinned elements can be copied, but not moved. If you try to delete a pinned element, a warning dialog displays reminding you that you must unpin the element before the command can be started. Rotating Elements The Rotate command enables you to rotate selected elements around a center point or origin. You can use alignment lines, temporary dimensions, and snaps to help specify the center of rotation and the angle. You can also create copies of the element as it is being rotated.

How To: Rotate Elements 1. Select the element s you want to rotate. In the Modify panel, click Rotate or type the shortcut RO. The center of rotation is automatically set to the center of the element or group of elements, as shown on the top in Figure To change the center of rotation as shown on the bottom in Figure , use the following: Drag the Center of Rotation control to a new point.

In the Options Bar, next to Center of rotation, click Place and use snaps to move it to a new location.

Press to select the center of rotation and click to move it to a new location. Note To start the Rotate command with a prompt to select the center of rotation, select the elements first and type R3. In the Options Bar, specify if you want to make a Copy select Copy , type an angle in the Angle field as shown in Figure , and press.

You can also specify the angle on screen using temporary dimensions. Figure 5. The rotated element s remain highlighted, enabling you to start another command using the same selection, or click Modify to finish.

The Disjoin option breaks any connections between the elements being rotated and other elements. If Disjoin is on selected , the elements rotate separately. If it is off cleared , the connected elements also move or stretch, as shown in Figure Disjoin is toggled off by default. Figure Mirroring Elements The Mirror command enables you to mirror elements about an axis defined by a selected element, as shown in Figure , or by selected points.

Select the element s to mirror. This prompts you to select an element as the Axis of Reflection mirror line. This prompts you to select two points to define the axis about which the elements mirror. The new mirrored element s remain highlighted, enabling you to start another command, or return to Modify to finish. By default, the original elements that were mirrored remain. To delete the original elements, clear the Copy option in the Options Bar.

Hint: Scale The Autodesk Revit software is designed with full-size elements. Therefore, not much should be scaled. For example, scaling a wall increases its length but does not impact the width, which is set by the wall type. However, you can use reference planes, images, and imported files from other programs. Scale in Creating Linear and Radial Arrays The Array command creates multiple copies of selected elements in a linear or radial pattern, as shown in Figure For example, you can array a row of columns to create a row of evenly spaced columns on a grid, or array a row of parking spaces.

The arrayed elements can be grouped or placed as separate elements. Note A linear array creates a straight line pattern of elements, while a radial array creates a circular pattern around a center point. Select the element s to array.

In the Modify panel, click Array or type the shortcut AR. In the Options Bar, click Linear. Specify the other options as required. Page 24 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals 5. Select a start point and an end point to set the spacing and direction of the array.

The array is displayed. If Group and Associate is selected, you are prompted again for the number of items, as shown in Figure Type a new number or click on the screen to finish the command. To make a linear array in two directions, you need to array one direction first, select the arrayed elements, and then array them again in the other direction. Group and Associate Creates an array group element out of all arrayed elements. Groups can be selected by selecting any elements in the group.

Number Specifies how many instances you want in the array. Move To: 2nd specifies the distance or angle between the center points of the two elements. Last specifies the overall distance or angle of the entire array.

Constrain Restricts the direction of the array to only vertical or horizontal Linear only. Angle Specifies the angle Radial only. Center of rotation Specifies a location for the origin about which the elements rotate Radial only.

In the Modify panel, click Array. In the Options Bar, click Radial. Drag Center of Rotation or use Place to the move the center of rotation to the appropriate location, as shown in Figure Note Remember to set the Center of Rotation control first, because it is easy to forget to move it before specifying the angle. In the Options Bar, type an angle and press , or specify the rotation angle by selecting points on the screen. Modifying Array Groups When you select an element in an array that has been grouped, you can change the number of instances in the array, as shown in Figure For radial arrays you can also modify the distance to the center.

Open the project Practice-Model-Editing-M. Select Grid A and the structural column that is at the intersection. Hint: hold to select more than one element. In the Options Bar, select Multiple, as shown in Figure Pick a point anywhere along the grid line for the start point.

Move the cursor down below the grid line and type mm. Create two more copies which are mm apart for a total of four horizontal grid lines. Click Modify to exit the command. Select Grid 1 and the four columns along Grid 1. Copy the elements to the right at a distance of mm until you have a total of four vertical grid lines with the associated columns. Renumber the grid lines as shown in Figure Zoom in on column A1. Select the column but not the grid line.

Move and move it mm to the left as Figure Save the project. Task 2: Rotate elements 1. Select Grid 1. In the Options Bar, click Place and select the midpoint of column D1 as the center of rotation. To start rotating, select the intersection of grid lines A1. To finish rotating, select the midpoint of the column you moved earlier as shown in Figure Select column A1 and click Rotate. The center point is in the correct location.

For the start angle, select a point to the right along Grid A as shown in Figure For the second angle, select a point along Grid 1, as shown on the left in Figure The column is now rotated perpendicular to the angle of Grid 1 as shown on the right in Figure Repeat the process for the rest of the columns along Grid 1.

Task 3: Mirror elements 1. Delete Grid 4 and its columns. You are going to mirror Grid 1 and its columns to this place. Draw a vertical line between Grid 2 and Grid 3 and use temporary dimensions to set the distances from each grid to mm as shown in Figure , and click Modify to end.

Select Grid 1 and all of the columns in the grid. To select multiple elements, draw a window around the group or hold as you select. Select the vertical reference plane that you created earlier as shown in Figure Renumber the new grid line to 4. Task 4: Array elements 1. Select column A3. Click Copy and copy column A3 to the right by mm. The new column is selected. A Warning box opens.

This issue is corrected in later steps.

 
 

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This student guide is intended to introduce students to the user interface and the basic building components of the software that makes it a powerful and flexible structural modeling tool. The goal is to familiarize you with the tools required to create, modify, analyze, and document the parametric model.

Prerequisites: This student guide introduces the fundamental skills in learning how to use the Autodesk Revit Structure software. Originally from the UK, he is a trained mechanical engineer who has worked in the aerospace, defence, mar. With the increasing adoption of Building Information Modeling BIM in landscape architecture, questions have begun to arise around issues of ownership, liability, and accountability that are not easily answered by current professional standards and.

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We’ve seen it time and again. Maybe the most prolific example is Autodesk — this multinational software company has made a huge number of acquisiti. Open navigation menu. Close suggestions Search Search. User Settings. Skip carousel. Carousel Previous. Carousel Next. What is Scribd? Explore Ebooks. Bestsellers Editors’ Picks All Ebooks. Explore Audiobooks. Bestsellers Editors’ Picks All audiobooks.

Explore Magazines. Work with linked architectural files. Create spaces and zones so that you can analyze heating and cooling loads. Create HVAC networks with air terminals, mechanical equipment, ducts, and pipes. Create plumbing networks with plumbing fixtures and pipes. Create electrical circuits with electrical equipment, devices, and lighting fixtures and adding cable trays and conduits. In Properties, select a style from the Subcategory list. The Autodesk Revit software was designed to make such changes quickly and efficiently.

You can change an element using the following methods, as shown in Figure Type Selector enables you to specify a different type. Properties enables you to modify the information parameters associated with the selected elements. The contextual tab in the ribbon contains the Modify commands and element-specific tools. Temporary dimensions enable you to change the element’s dimensions or position. Controls enable you to drag, flip, lock, and rotate the element.

Shape handles not shown enable you to drag elements to modify their height or length. Page 8 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure To delete an element, select it and press , right-click and select Delete, or in the Modify panel, click Delete. Working with Controls and Shape Handles When you select an element, various controls and shape handles display depending on the element and view.

For example, in plan view you can use controls to drag the ends of a wall and change its orientation. You can also drag the wall ends in a 3D view, and you can also use the arrow shape handles to change the height of the wall, as shown in Figure If you hover the cursor over the control or shape handle, a tool tip displays showing its function. Hint: Editing Temporary Dimensions Temporary dimensions automatically link to the closest wall. To change this, drag the Witness Line control as shown in Figure to connect to a new reference.

You can also click on the control to toggle between justifications in the wall. The new location of a temporary dimension for an element is remembered as long as you are in the same session of the software. Page 9 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Page 10 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Selecting Multiple Elements Once you have selected at least one element, hold and select another item to add it to a selection set.

To remove an element from a selection set, hold and select the element. If you click and drag the cursor to window around elements, you have two selection options, as shown in Figure If you drag from left to right, you only select the elements completely inside the window.

If you drag from right to left, you select elements both inside and crossing the window. Page 11 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure If several elements are on or near each other, press to cycle through them before you click. If there are elements that might be linked to each other, such as walls that are connected, pressing selects the chain of elements. You can also right-click in the view window with nothing selected and select Select Previous.

Figure Hint: Measuring Tools When modifying a model, it is useful to know the distance between elements. Measure Between Two References – Select two elements and the measurement displays. Measure Along An Element – Select the edge of a linear element and the total length displays.

Use to select other elements and then click to measure along all of them, as shown in Figure Page 12 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Figure References include any snap point, wall lines, or other parts of elements such as door center lines. Filtering Selection Sets When multiple element categories are selected, the Multi-Select contextual tab opens in the ribbon.

This gives you access to all of the Modify tools, and the Filter command. The Filter command enables you to specify the types of elements to select. For example, you might only want to select columns, as shown in Figure Select everything in the required area. The Filter dialog box opens, as Note The Filter dialog box displays all types of elements in the original selection.

Click Check None to clear all of the options or Check All to select all of the options. You can also select or clear individual categories as required. Click OK. The selection set is now limited to the elements you specified.

The number of elements selected displays on the right end of the status bar and in the Properties palette. Clicking Filter in the Status Bar also opens the Filter dialog box. Hint: Selection Options You can control how the software selects specific elements in a project by toggling Selection Options on and off on the Status Bar, as shown in Figure Alternatively, in any tab on the ribbon, expand the Select panel’s title and select the option.

When it is toggled off you cannot select them when using Modify or Move. Select underlay elements: When toggled on, you can select underlay elements. When toggled off, you cannot select them when using Modify or Move. Select pinned elements: When toggled on, you can selected pinned elements.

Select elements by face: When toggled on you can select elements such as the floors or walls in an elevation by selecting the interior face or selecting an edge. When toggled off, you can only select elements by selecting an edge. Drag elements on selection: When toggled on, you can hover over an element, select it, and drag it to a new location. When toggled off, the Crossing or Box select mode starts when you press and drag, even if you are on top of an element.

Once elements have been selected they can still be dragged to a new location. Note Estimated time for completion: 10 minutes In this practice you will use a variety of ways to select elements, use the Filter dialog box to only select one type of element, select only elements of one type in the view, and use the Type Selector to change the type.

You will then modify element locations using temporary dimensions as shown in Figure Figure Task 1: Select elements 1. Open the project Practice-Model-Select-M. Select a point just outside the upper left corner of the building. Hold the mouse button and drag a window toward the lower right corner, as shown in Figure Select a second point. All of the elements inside the window are selected and those outside the window are not selected.

Select two points from just outside the upper right corner of the building to the lower left corner, as shown in Figure All of the elements inside and touching the window are selected. In the Status Bar, click Filter. In the Filter dialog box shown in Figure , review the selected element categories. Note The numbers here and in the next steps might be slightly different depending on your selection set. Figure 8. Click Check None. Select only the Structural Columns category and click OK. The total number of Structural Columns in the selection set displays in the Status Bar as shown in Figure In Properties, the display indicates that multiple Families are selected.

Click in empty space to clear the selection. Zoom in on the lower left corner of the building and select one Structural Column as shown in Figure In the Type Selector, the column name and type are displayed as shown in Figure The total number of this type of column displays in the Status Bar by Filter and in Properties.

The view regenerates and the selected columns are updated to the new type. Press to release the selection set. Task 2: Using temporary dimensions 1. Zoom out to see the entire building. Select Grid C. If the temporary dimensions are not displayed, in the Options Bar, click Activate Dimensions.

The temporary dimensions are automatically connected to the closest structural elements. Use the Move Witness Line controls on the temporary dimensions and move them to the nearest grid lines as shown in Figure Click Make this temporary dimension line permanent.

Page 19 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals 7. Click in empty space to release the selection. The new dimensions are now part of the view. Select Grid C again. Click Activate Dimensions, if required. Select the lower dimension text and change it to mm as shown in Figure The model regenerates and the percentage of completion is displayed in the Status Bar as shown in Figure This change is being made to the grid and throughout the model, wherever elements touch the grid.

Save and close the project. Additional modifying tools can be used with individual elements or any selection of elements. Other tools are covered later. For most modify commands, you can either select the elements and start the command, or start the command, select the elements, and press to finish the selection and move to the next step in the command.

Page 20 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Moving and Copying Elements The Move and Copy commands enable you to select the element s and move or copy them from one place to another. You can use alignment lines, temporary dimensions, and snaps to help place the elements, as shown in Figure Hint: Nudge Nudge enables you to move an element in short increments. When an element is selected, you can press one of the four arrow keys to move the element in that direction.

The distance the element moves depends on how far in or out you are zoomed. Select the elements you want to move or copy. In the Modify panel, click Move or Copy. A boundary box displays around the selected elements.

Select a move start point on or near the element. Use alignment lines and temporary dimensions to help place the elements. When you are finished, you can start another modify command using the elements that remain selected, or switch back to Modify to end the command.

If you start the Move command and hold , the elements are copied. Constrain Restricts the movement of the cursor to horizontal or vertical, or along the axis of an item that is at an angle. This keeps you from selecting a point at an angle by mistake.

Constrain is off by default. Disjoin Breaks any connections between the elements being moved and other elements. If Disjoin is on, the elements move separately.

If it is Move only off, the connected elements also move or stretch. Disjoin is off by default. Multiple Enables you to make multiple copies of one selection. Multiple is off by default.

Page 21 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Copy only These commands only work in the current view, not between views or projects. Hint: Pinning Elements If you do not want elements to be moved, you can pin them in place, as shown in Figure Select the elements and in the Modify tab, in the Modify panel, click Pin. Pinned elements can be copied, but not moved.

If you try to delete a pinned element, a warning dialog displays reminding you that you must unpin the element before the command can be started. Rotating Elements The Rotate command enables you to rotate selected elements around a center point or origin. You can use alignment lines, temporary dimensions, and snaps to help specify the center of rotation and the angle. You can also create copies of the element as it is being rotated. How To: Rotate Elements 1.

Select the element s you want to rotate. In the Modify panel, click Rotate or type the shortcut RO. The center of rotation is automatically set to the center of the element or group of elements, as shown on the top in Figure To change the center of rotation as shown on the bottom in Figure , use the following: Drag the Center of Rotation control to a new point.

In the Options Bar, next to Center of rotation, click Place and use snaps to move it to a new location. Press to select the center of rotation and click to move it to a new location.

Note To start the Rotate command with a prompt to select the center of rotation, select the elements first and type R3. In the Options Bar, specify if you want to make a Copy select Copy , type an angle in the Angle field as shown in Figure , and press.

You can also specify the angle on screen using temporary dimensions. Figure 5. The rotated element s remain highlighted, enabling you to start another command using the same selection, or click Modify to finish.

The Disjoin option breaks any connections between the elements being rotated and other elements. If Disjoin is on selected , the elements rotate separately. If it is off cleared , the connected elements also move or stretch, as shown in Figure Disjoin is toggled off by default. Figure Mirroring Elements The Mirror command enables you to mirror elements about an axis defined by a selected element, as shown in Figure , or by selected points. Select the element s to mirror. This prompts you to select an element as the Axis of Reflection mirror line.

This prompts you to select two points to define the axis about which the elements mirror. The new mirrored element s remain highlighted, enabling you to start another command, or return to Modify to finish. By default, the original elements that were mirrored remain. To delete the original elements, clear the Copy option in the Options Bar. Hint: Scale The Autodesk Revit software is designed with full-size elements.

Therefore, not much should be scaled. For example, scaling a wall increases its length but does not impact the width, which is set by the wall type. However, you can use reference planes, images, and imported files from other programs. Scale in Creating Linear and Radial Arrays The Array command creates multiple copies of selected elements in a linear or radial pattern, as shown in Figure For example, you can array a row of columns to create a row of evenly spaced columns on a grid, or array a row of parking spaces.

The arrayed elements can be grouped or placed as separate elements. Note A linear array creates a straight line pattern of elements, while a radial array creates a circular pattern around a center point. Select the element s to array. In the Modify panel, click Array or type the shortcut AR. In the Options Bar, click Linear.

Specify the other options as required. Page 24 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals 5. Select a start point and an end point to set the spacing and direction of the array. The array is displayed. If Group and Associate is selected, you are prompted again for the number of items, as shown in Figure Type a new number or click on the screen to finish the command.

To make a linear array in two directions, you need to array one direction first, select the arrayed elements, and then array them again in the other direction. Group and Associate Creates an array group element out of all arrayed elements. Groups can be selected by selecting any elements in the group. Number Specifies how many instances you want in the array. Move To: 2nd specifies the distance or angle between the center points of the two elements. Last specifies the overall distance or angle of the entire array.

Constrain Restricts the direction of the array to only vertical or horizontal Linear only. Angle Specifies the angle Radial only. Center of rotation Specifies a location for the origin about which the elements rotate Radial only.

In the Modify panel, click Array. In the Options Bar, click Radial. Drag Center of Rotation or use Place to the move the center of rotation to the appropriate location, as shown in Figure Note Remember to set the Center of Rotation control first, because it is easy to forget to move it before specifying the angle. In the Options Bar, type an angle and press , or specify the rotation angle by selecting points on the screen.

Modifying Array Groups When you select an element in an array that has been grouped, you can change the number of instances in the array, as shown in Figure For radial arrays you can also modify the distance to the center. Open the project Practice-Model-Editing-M. Select Grid A and the structural column that is at the intersection. Hint: hold to select more than one element.

In the Options Bar, select Multiple, as shown in Figure Pick a point anywhere along the grid line for the start point. Move the cursor down below the grid line and type mm.

Create two more copies which are mm apart for a total of four horizontal grid lines. Click Modify to exit the command. Select Grid 1 and the four columns along Grid 1. Copy the elements to the right at a distance of mm until you have a total of four vertical grid lines with the associated columns.

Renumber the grid lines as shown in Figure Zoom in on column A1. Select the column but not the grid line. Move and move it mm to the left as Figure Save the project. Task 2: Rotate elements 1. Select Grid 1. In the Options Bar, click Place and select the midpoint of column D1 as the center of rotation. To start rotating, select the intersection of grid lines A1. To finish rotating, select the midpoint of the column you moved earlier as shown in Figure Select column A1 and click Rotate.

The center point is in the correct location. For the start angle, select a point to the right along Grid A as shown in Figure For the second angle, select a point along Grid 1, as shown on the left in Figure The column is now rotated perpendicular to the angle of Grid 1 as shown on the right in Figure Repeat the process for the rest of the columns along Grid 1. Task 3: Mirror elements 1. Delete Grid 4 and its columns. You are going to mirror Grid 1 and its columns to this place.

Draw a vertical line between Grid 2 and Grid 3 and use temporary dimensions to set the distances from each grid to mm as shown in Figure , and click Modify to end. Select Grid 1 and all of the columns in the grid. To select multiple elements, draw a window around the group or hold as you select. Select the vertical reference plane that you created earlier as shown in Figure Renumber the new grid line to 4. Task 4: Array elements 1. Select column A3.

Click Copy and copy column A3 to the right by mm. The new column is selected. A Warning box opens. This issue is corrected in later steps. Relocate the center of the array by dragging In the Options Bar, set the Angle to and press. The new columns display along the arc with the number still selected as shown in Figure Change the number to 6.

Move the elevation marker out of the way. In the Draw panel, click Grid. Pick Lines. Move the cursor over the area of the array as shown in Figure When an arc displays, select it. Click Modify. Drag the grid bubbles down past the columns and rename the new grid A. Figure Aligning Elements The Align command enables you to line up one element with another, as shown in Figure Most Autodesk Revit elements can be aligned.

For example, you can line up the tops of windows with the top of a door, or line up furniture with a wall. Figure How To: Align Elements 1. Select a line or point on the element that is going to remain stationary. For walls, press to select the correct wall face. Select a line or point on the element to be aligned.

The second element moves into alignment with the first one. The Align command works in all model views, including parallel and perspective 3D views. Page 34 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals You can lock alignments so that the elements move together if either one is moved. Once you have created the alignment, a padlock is displayed.

Click on the padlock to lock it, as shown in Figure Note Locking elements enlarges the size of the project file, so use this option carefully. Figure Select Multiple Alignment to select multiple elements to align with the first element. You can also hold to make multiple alignments. For walls, you can specify if you want the command to prefer Wall centerlines, Wall faces, Center of core, or Faces of core, as shown in Figure The core refers to the structural members of a wall as opposed to facing materials, such as sheet rock.

Figure Splitting Linear Elements The Split Element command enables you to break a linear element at a specific point. You can use alignment lines, snaps, and temporary dimensions to help place the split point.

 

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Ribbon b. View Control Bar c. Options Bar d. Properties Palette 4. The difference between Type Properties and Properties the ribbon location is shown in Figure is… a.

Properties stores parameters that apply to the selected individual element s. Type Properties stores parameters that impact every element of the same type in the project. Properties stores the location parameters of an element.

Type Properties stores the size and identity parameters of an element. Properties only stores parameters of the view. Type Properties stores parameters of model components.

When you start a new project, how do you specify the base information in the new file? Transfer the base information from an existing project. Select the right template for the task. The Autodesk Revit software automatically extracts the base information from imported or linked file s.

What is the main difference between a view made using Default 3D View and a view made using Camera? Use Default 3D View for exterior views and Camera for interiors. Default 3D View creates a static image and a Camera view is live and always updated. Default 3D View is isometric and a Camera view is perspective. Default 3D View is used for the overall building and a Camera view is used for looking in tight spaces.

Using these tools with drawing aids helps you to place and modify elements to create accurate building models. Learning Objectives in this Chapter Sketch linear elements such as walls, beams, and pipes.

Ease the placement of elements by incorporating drawing aids, such as alignment lines, temporary dimensions, permanent dimensions, and snaps. Place Reference Planes as temporary guide lines.

Use techniques to select and filter groups of elements. Modify elements using a contextual tab, Properties, temporary dimensions, and controls. Move, copy, rotate, and mirror elements and create array copies in linear and radial patterns. Align, trim, and extend elements with the edges of other elements. Split linear elements anywhere along their length. Offset elements to create duplicates a specific distance away from the original.

As you are working, several features called drawing aids display, as shown in Figure They help you to create designs quickly and accurately. These tools work with both 3D and 2D elements in the software. Page 2 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Draw Tools Many linear elements such as walls, beams, ducts, pipes, and conduits are modeled using the tools on the contextual tab on the Draw panel, as shown for walls in Figure Other elements such as floors, ceilings, roofs, and slabs have boundaries that are sketched using many of the same tools.

Draw tools are also used when you create details or schematic drawings. Two methods are available: Draw the element using a geometric form Pick an existing element such as a line, face, or wall as the basis for the new element’s geometry and position. Note The exact tools vary according to the element being modeled. How To: Create Linear Elements 1. Start the command you want to use. Select points to define the elements.

Note You can change from one Draw tool shape to another in the middle of a command. Finish the command using one of the standard methods: Click Modify. Press twice. Note Different options display according to the type of element that is selected or the command that is active.

Chain: Controls how many segments are created in one process. If this option is not selected, the Line and Arc tools only create one segment at a time. If it is selected, you can continue adding segments until you press or select the command again.

Offset: Enables you to enter values so you can create linear elements at a specified distance from the selected points or element. Radius: Enables you to enter values when using a radial tool or to add a radius to the corners of linear elements as you sketch them.

Figure Draw Tools Line Draws a straight line defined by the first and last points. If Chain is enabled, you can continue selecting end points for multiple segments. Rectangle Draws a rectangle defined by two opposing corner points.

You can adjust the dimensions after selecting both points. Inscribed Polygon Draws a polygon inscribed in a hypothetical circle with the number of sides specified in the Options Bar. Circumscribed Draws a polygon circumscribed around a hypothetical circle with the number of sides specified in the Options Bar. Polygon Circle Draws a circle defined by a center point and radius. Start-EndRadius Arc Draws a curve defined by a start, end, and radius of the arc.

The outside dimension shown is the included angle of the arc. The inside dimension is the radius. Center-ends Arc Draws a curve defined by a center, radius, and included angle. The selected point of the radius also defines the start point of the arc. Tangent End Arc Draws a curve tangent to another element. Select an end point for the first point, but do not select the intersection of two or more elements. Then select a second point based on the included angle of the arc.

Fillet Arc Draws a curve defined by two other elements and a radius. Because it is difficult to select the correct radius by clicking, this command automatically moves to edit mode.

Select the dimension and then modify the radius of the fillet. Spline Draws a spline curve based on selected points. The curve does not actually touch the points Model and Detail Lines only. Ellipse Draws an ellipse from a primary and secondary axis Model and Detail Lines only. Partial Ellipse Draws only one side of the ellipse, l ke an arc.

A partial ellipse also has a primary and secondary axis Model and Detail Lines only. Pick Lines Use this option to select existing linear elements in the project. This is useful when you start the project from an imported 2D drawing. Pick Face Use this option to select the face of a 3D massing element walls and 3D views only.

Pick Walls Use this option to select an existing wall in the project to be the basis for a new sketch line floors, ceilings, etc. Drawing Aids Page 4 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals As soon as you start sketching or placing elements, three drawing aids display, as shown in Figure Alignment lines Temporary dimensions Snaps These aids are available with most modeling and many modification commands.

Figure Alignment lines display as soon as you select your first point. They help keep lines horizontal, vertical, or at a specified angle.

They also line up with the implied intersections of walls and other elements. Hold to force the alignments to be orthogonal 90 degree angles only.

Temporary dimensions display to help place elements at the correct length, angle and location. You can type in the dimension and then move the cursor until you see the dimension you want, or you can place the element and then modify the dimension as required. The length and angle increments shown vary depending on how far in or out the view is zoomed. Hint: Temporary Dimensions and Permanent Dimensions Temporary dimensions disappear as soon as you finish adding elements. If you want to make them permanent, select the control shown in Figure Figure Snaps are key points that help you reference existing elements to exact points when modeling, as shown in Figure Figure When you move the cursor over an element, the snap symbol displays.

Each snap location type displays with a different symbol. The Snaps dialog box enables you to set which snap points are active, and set the dimension increments displayed for temporary dimensions both linear and angular. Keyboard shortcuts for each snap can be used to override the automatic snapping. Temporary overrides only affect a single pick, but can be very helpful when there are snaps nearby other than the one you want to use.

Figure Using Dimensions as Drawing Aids Dimensions are a critical part of construction documents that can also help you create the elements in your model. There are a Page 6 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals variety of dimension types, but the most useful is Aligned Dimension with the Individual References option. Select the elements in order. To position the dimension string, click a point at the location where you want it to display, ensuring that the string is not overlapping anything else, as shown in Figure Hint: Setting Dimensions Equal Using dimensions while you are modeling enables you to set a string of dimensions so that they are equal.

Doing this updates the model elements, such as the location of windows in a wall, as shown in Figure Figure Figure Reference Planes As you develop designs in the Autodesk Revit software, there are times when you need lines to help you define certain locations. You can sketch reference planes displayed as dashed green lines and snap to them whenever you need to line up elements.

For the example shown in Figure , the lighting fixtures in the reflected ceiling plan are placed using reference planes. Figure Reference planes display in associated views because they are infinite planes, and not just lines. You can name Reference planes by clicking on and typing in the text box, as shown in Figure Figure If you sketch a reference pane in Sketch Mode used with floors and similar elements , it does not display once the sketch is finished.

Reference planes can have different line styles if they have been defined in the project. In Properties, select a style from the Subcategory list. The Autodesk Revit software was designed to make such changes quickly and efficiently.

You can change an element using the following methods, as shown in Figure Type Selector enables you to specify a different type. Properties enables you to modify the information parameters associated with the selected elements. The contextual tab in the ribbon contains the Modify commands and element-specific tools. Temporary dimensions enable you to change the element’s dimensions or position. Controls enable you to drag, flip, lock, and rotate the element.

Shape handles not shown enable you to drag elements to modify their height or length. Page 8 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure To delete an element, select it and press , right-click and select Delete, or in the Modify panel, click Delete.

Working with Controls and Shape Handles When you select an element, various controls and shape handles display depending on the element and view. For example, in plan view you can use controls to drag the ends of a wall and change its orientation.

You can also drag the wall ends in a 3D view, and you can also use the arrow shape handles to change the height of the wall, as shown in Figure If you hover the cursor over the control or shape handle, a tool tip displays showing its function. Hint: Editing Temporary Dimensions Temporary dimensions automatically link to the closest wall. To change this, drag the Witness Line control as shown in Figure to connect to a new reference. You can also click on the control to toggle between justifications in the wall.

The new location of a temporary dimension for an element is remembered as long as you are in the same session of the software. Page 9 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Page 10 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Selecting Multiple Elements Once you have selected at least one element, hold and select another item to add it to a selection set.

To remove an element from a selection set, hold and select the element. If you click and drag the cursor to window around elements, you have two selection options, as shown in Figure If you drag from left to right, you only select the elements completely inside the window.

If you drag from right to left, you select elements both inside and crossing the window. Page 11 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure If several elements are on or near each other, press to cycle through them before you click.

If there are elements that might be linked to each other, such as walls that are connected, pressing selects the chain of elements. You can also right-click in the view window with nothing selected and select Select Previous. Figure Hint: Measuring Tools When modifying a model, it is useful to know the distance between elements. Measure Between Two References – Select two elements and the measurement displays.

Measure Along An Element – Select the edge of a linear element and the total length displays. Use to select other elements and then click to measure along all of them, as shown in Figure Page 12 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Figure References include any snap point, wall lines, or other parts of elements such as door center lines. Filtering Selection Sets When multiple element categories are selected, the Multi-Select contextual tab opens in the ribbon.

This gives you access to all of the Modify tools, and the Filter command. The Filter command enables you to specify the types of elements to select. For example, you might only want to select columns, as shown in Figure Select everything in the required area.

The Filter dialog box opens, as Note The Filter dialog box displays all types of elements in the original selection. Click Check None to clear all of the options or Check All to select all of the options. You can also select or clear individual categories as required. Click OK. The selection set is now limited to the elements you specified. The number of elements selected displays on the right end of the status bar and in the Properties palette. Clicking Filter in the Status Bar also opens the Filter dialog box.

Hint: Selection Options You can control how the software selects specific elements in a project by toggling Selection Options on and off on the Status Bar, as shown in Figure Alternatively, in any tab on the ribbon, expand the Select panel’s title and select the option.

When it is toggled off you cannot select them when using Modify or Move. Select underlay elements: When toggled on, you can select underlay elements. When toggled off, you cannot select them when using Modify or Move. Select pinned elements: When toggled on, you can selected pinned elements. Select elements by face: When toggled on you can select elements such as the floors or walls in an elevation by selecting the interior face or selecting an edge.

When toggled off, you can only select elements by selecting an edge. Drag elements on selection: When toggled on, you can hover over an element, select it, and drag it to a new location. When toggled off, the Crossing or Box select mode starts when you press and drag, even if you are on top of an element. Once elements have been selected they can still be dragged to a new location.

Note Estimated time for completion: 10 minutes In this practice you will use a variety of ways to select elements, use the Filter dialog box to only select one type of element, select only elements of one type in the view, and use the Type Selector to change the type. You will then modify element locations using temporary dimensions as shown in Figure Figure Task 1: Select elements 1. Open the project Practice-Model-Select-M. Select a point just outside the upper left corner of the building.

Hold the mouse button and drag a window toward the lower right corner, as shown in Figure Select a second point. All of the elements inside the window are selected and those outside the window are not selected. Select two points from just outside the upper right corner of the building to the lower left corner, as shown in Figure All of the elements inside and touching the window are selected. In the Status Bar, click Filter. In the Filter dialog box shown in Figure , review the selected element categories.

Note The numbers here and in the next steps might be slightly different depending on your selection set. Figure 8.

Click Check None. Select only the Structural Columns category and click OK. The total number of Structural Columns in the selection set displays in the Status Bar as shown in Figure In Properties, the display indicates that multiple Families are selected.

Click in empty space to clear the selection. Zoom in on the lower left corner of the building and select one Structural Column as shown in Figure In the Type Selector, the column name and type are displayed as shown in Figure The total number of this type of column displays in the Status Bar by Filter and in Properties.

The view regenerates and the selected columns are updated to the new type. Press to release the selection set. Task 2: Using temporary dimensions 1. Zoom out to see the entire building. Select Grid C. If the temporary dimensions are not displayed, in the Options Bar, click Activate Dimensions. The temporary dimensions are automatically connected to the closest structural elements.

Use the Move Witness Line controls on the temporary dimensions and move them to the nearest grid lines as shown in Figure Click Make this temporary dimension line permanent. Page 19 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals 7. Click in empty space to release the selection. The new dimensions are now part of the view. Select Grid C again. Click Activate Dimensions, if required. Select the lower dimension text and change it to mm as shown in Figure The model regenerates and the percentage of completion is displayed in the Status Bar as shown in Figure This change is being made to the grid and throughout the model, wherever elements touch the grid.

Save and close the project. Additional modifying tools can be used with individual elements or any selection of elements. Other tools are covered later. For most modify commands, you can either select the elements and start the command, or start the command, select the elements, and press to finish the selection and move to the next step in the command.

Page 20 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Figure Moving and Copying Elements The Move and Copy commands enable you to select the element s and move or copy them from one place to another. You can use alignment lines, temporary dimensions, and snaps to help place the elements, as shown in Figure Hint: Nudge Nudge enables you to move an element in short increments.

When an element is selected, you can press one of the four arrow keys to move the element in that direction. The distance the element moves depends on how far in or out you are zoomed.

Select the elements you want to move or copy. In the Modify panel, click Move or Copy. A boundary box displays around the selected elements. Select a move start point on or near the element. Use alignment lines and temporary dimensions to help place the elements. When you are finished, you can start another modify command using the elements that remain selected, or switch back to Modify to end the command. If you start the Move command and hold , the elements are copied. Constrain Restricts the movement of the cursor to horizontal or vertical, or along the axis of an item that is at an angle.

This keeps you from selecting a point at an angle by mistake. Constrain is off by default. Disjoin Breaks any connections between the elements being moved and other elements. If Disjoin is on, the elements move separately. If it is Move only off, the connected elements also move or stretch. Disjoin is off by default. Multiple Enables you to make multiple copies of one selection.

Multiple is off by default. Page 21 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Copy only These commands only work in the current view, not between views or projects. Hint: Pinning Elements If you do not want elements to be moved, you can pin them in place, as shown in Figure Select the elements and in the Modify tab, in the Modify panel, click Pin. Pinned elements can be copied, but not moved.

If you try to delete a pinned element, a warning dialog displays reminding you that you must unpin the element before the command can be started. Rotating Elements The Rotate command enables you to rotate selected elements around a center point or origin. You can use alignment lines, temporary dimensions, and snaps to help specify the center of rotation and the angle. You can also create copies of the element as it is being rotated. How To: Rotate Elements 1. Select the element s you want to rotate.

In the Modify panel, click Rotate or type the shortcut RO. The center of rotation is automatically set to the center of the element or group of elements, as shown on the top in Figure To change the center of rotation as shown on the bottom in Figure , use the following: Drag the Center of Rotation control to a new point.

In the Options Bar, next to Center of rotation, click Place and use snaps to move it to a new location. Press to select the center of rotation and click to move it to a new location. Note To start the Rotate command with a prompt to select the center of rotation, select the elements first and type R3. In the Options Bar, specify if you want to make a Copy select Copy , type an angle in the Angle field as shown in Figure , and press.

You can also specify the angle on screen using temporary dimensions. Figure 5. The rotated element s remain highlighted, enabling you to start another command using the same selection, or click Modify to finish. The Disjoin option breaks any connections between the elements being rotated and other elements. If Disjoin is on selected , the elements rotate separately.

If it is off cleared , the connected elements also move or stretch, as shown in Figure Disjoin is toggled off by default. Figure Mirroring Elements The Mirror command enables you to mirror elements about an axis defined by a selected element, as shown in Figure , or by selected points.

Select the element s to mirror. This prompts you to select an element as the Axis of Reflection mirror line. This prompts you to select two points to define the axis about which the elements mirror. The new mirrored element s remain highlighted, enabling you to start another command, or return to Modify to finish. By default, the original elements that were mirrored remain.

To delete the original elements, clear the Copy option in the Options Bar. Hint: Scale The Autodesk Revit software is designed with full-size elements. Therefore, not much should be scaled. For example, scaling a wall increases its length but does not impact the width, which is set by the wall type. However, you can use reference planes, images, and imported files from other programs. Scale in Creating Linear and Radial Arrays The Array command creates multiple copies of selected elements in a linear or radial pattern, as shown in Figure For example, you can array a row of columns to create a row of evenly spaced columns on a grid, or array a row of parking spaces.

The arrayed elements can be grouped or placed as separate elements. Note A linear array creates a straight line pattern of elements, while a radial array creates a circular pattern around a center point. Select the element s to array. In the Modify panel, click Array or type the shortcut AR. In the Options Bar, click Linear. Specify the other options as required. Page 24 of 46 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals 5. Select a start point and an end point to set the spacing and direction of the array.

The array is displayed. If Group and Associate is selected, you are prompted again for the number of items, as shown in Figure Type a new number or click on the screen to finish the command. To make a linear array in two directions, you need to array one direction first, select the arrayed elements, and then array them again in the other direction.

Group and Associate Creates an array group element out of all arrayed elements. Groups can be selected by selecting any elements in the group. Number Specifies how many instances you want in the array. Move To: 2nd specifies the distance or angle between the center points of the two elements.

Last specifies the overall distance or angle of the entire array. Constrain Restricts the direction of the array to only vertical or horizontal Linear only. Angle Specifies the angle Radial only.

Center of rotation Specifies a location for the origin about which the elements rotate Radial only. In the Modify panel, click Array. In the Options Bar, click Radial. Drag Center of Rotation or use Place to the move the center of rotation to the appropriate location, as shown in Figure Note Remember to set the Center of Rotation control first, because it is easy to forget to move it before specifying the angle. In the Options Bar, type an angle and press , or specify the rotation angle by selecting points on the screen.

Modifying Array Groups When you select an element in an array that has been grouped, you can change the number of instances in the array, as shown in Figure For radial arrays you can also modify the distance to the center.

Open the project Practice-Model-Editing-M. Select Grid A and the structural column that is at the intersection. Hint: hold to select more than one element.

In the Options Bar, select Multiple, as shown in Figure Pick a point anywhere along the grid line for the start point. Move the cursor down below the grid line and type mm.

Create two more copies which are mm apart for a total of four horizontal grid lines. Click Modify to exit the command. Select Grid 1 and the four columns along Grid 1. Copy the elements to the right at a distance of mm until you have a total of four vertical grid lines with the associated columns.

Renumber the grid lines as shown in Figure Zoom in on column A1. Select the column but not the grid line. Move and move it mm to the left as Figure Save the project. Task 2: Rotate elements 1. Select Grid 1. In the Options Bar, click Place and select the midpoint of column D1 as the center of rotation. To start rotating, select the intersection of grid lines A1.

To finish rotating, select the midpoint of the column you moved earlier as shown in Figure Select column A1 and click Rotate. The center point is in the correct location. For the start angle, select a point to the right along Grid A as shown in Figure For the second angle, select a point along Grid 1, as shown on the left in Figure The column is now rotated perpendicular to the angle of Grid 1 as shown on the right in Figure Repeat the process for the rest of the columns along Grid 1.

Task 3: Mirror elements 1. Delete Grid 4 and its columns. You are going to mirror Grid 1 and its columns to this place. Draw a vertical line between Grid 2 and Grid 3 and use temporary dimensions to set the distances from each grid to mm as shown in Figure , and click Modify to end.

Select Grid 1 and all of the columns in the grid. To select multiple elements, draw a window around the group or hold as you select. Select the vertical reference plane that you created earlier as shown in Figure Renumber the new grid line to 4. Task 4: Array elements 1. Select column A3. Click Copy and copy column A3 to the right by mm.

The new column is selected. A Warning box opens. This issue is corrected in later steps. Relocate the center of the array by dragging In the Options Bar, set the Angle to and press. The new columns display along the arc with the number still selected as shown in Figure Change the number to 6.

Move the elevation marker out of the way. In the Draw panel, click Grid. Pick Lines. The goal is to familiarize you with the tools required to create, modify, analyze, and document the parametric model.

Topics Covered Introduction to the Autodesk Revit software Basic drawing and editing tools Setting up levels and grids Working with views Starting a structural project based on a linked architectural model Adding structural columns and walls Adding foundations and structural slabs Structural reinforcement Beams, trusses, and framing systems Analytical models and placing loads Project practices to reinforce learning Construction documents Annotating construction documents Detailing Scheduling Note on Software Setup This student guide assumes a standard installation of the software using the default preferences during installation.

Lectures and practices use the standard software templates and default options for the Content Libraries. Students and Educators Can Access Free Autodesk Software and Resources Autodesk challenges you to get started with free educational licenses for professional software and creativity apps used by millions of architects, engineers, designers, and hobbyists today.

Bring Autodesk software into your classroom, studio, or workshop to learn, teach, and explore real-world design challenges the way professionals do. Get started today – register at the Autodesk Education Community and download one of the many Autodesk software applications available. Visit www.

The software is for personal use for education purposes and is not intended for classroom or lab use. After receiving a B. She is skilled in leading individuals and small groups to understand and build on their potential.

Practice Files The Practice Files page tells you how to download and install the practice files that are provided with this student guide. Page 2 of 6 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Chapters Each chapter begins with a brief introduction and a list of the chapter’s Learning Objectives. Instructional Content Each chapter is split into a series of sections of instructional content on specific topics. These lectures include the descriptions, step-by-step procedures, figures, hints, and information you need to achieve the chapter’s Learning Objectives.

Page 3 of 6 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Practices Practices enable you to use the software to perform a hands-on review of a topic. Some practices require you to use prepared practice files, which can be downloaded from the link found on the Practice Files page.

Chapter Review Questions Chapter review questions, located at the end of each chapter, enable you to review the key concepts and learning objectives of the chapter. It contains a list of the software commands that are used throughout the chapter, and provides information on where the command is found in the software.

Autodesk Certification Exam Appendix This appendix includes a list of the topics and objectives for the Autodesk Certification exams, and the chapter and section in which the relevant content can be found. Icons in This Learning Guide Page 5 of 6 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals The following icons are used to help you quickly and easily find helpful information. New in Indicates items that are new in the Autodesk Revit software.

Enhanced in Indicates items that have been enhanced in the Autodesk Revit software. Understanding the software interface and terminology enhances your ability to create powerful models and move around in the various views of the model.

Navigate the graphic user interface, including the ribbon where most of the tools are found , the Properties palette where you make modifications to element information , and the Project Browser where you can open various views of the model. Open existing projects and start new projects using templates. Use viewing commands to move around the model in 2D and 3D views. The BIM process supports the ability to coordinate, update, and share design data with team members across disciplines. It enables you to create complete 3D building models as shown on the left in Figure that provide considerable information reported through construction documents, and enables you to share these models with other programs for more extensive analysis.

Figure The Autodesk Revit software is considered a Parametric Building Modeler: Parametric: A relationship is established between building elements: when one element changes, other related elements change as well. For example, if you add an element in a plan view, it also displays in all of the other views. Building: The software is designed for working with buildings and the surrounding landscape, as opposed to gears or highways.

Modeler: A project is built in a single file based on the 3D building model, as shown on the left in Figure All views, such as plans as shown on the right in Figure , elevations, sections, details, construction documents, and reports are Page 2 of 38 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals generated based on the model. Manage consent. Close Privacy Overview This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website.

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Autodesk Revit MEP Fundamentals (Metric) PDF – – {{l10n_strings.ADD_TO_A_COLLECTION}}

 
 

A-1 A. A-2 Saving Workset- Related Files A-4 Command Summary A-6 Appendix B: Additional Tools B-1 B. B-2 B. B-5 B. B-8 B. B B. B Issuing Revisions B Annotating Views B Schedule Properties B Material Takeoff Schedules B Command Summary C-1 Index This student guide is intended to introduce students to the user interface and the basic building components of the software that makes it a powerful and flexible structural modeling tool. The goal is to familiarize you with the tools required to create, modify, analyze, and document the parametric model.

Topics Covered Introduction to the Autodesk Revit software Basic drawing and editing tools Setting up levels and grids Working with views Starting a structural project based on a linked architectural model Adding structural columns and walls Adding foundations and structural slabs Structural reinforcement Beams, trusses, and framing systems Analytical models and placing loads Project practices to reinforce learning Construction documents Annotating construction documents Detailing Scheduling Note on Software Setup This student guide assumes a standard installation of the software using the default preferences during installation.

Lectures and practices use the standard software templates and default options for the Content Libraries. Students and Educators Can Access Free Autodesk Software and Resources Autodesk challenges you to get started with free educational licenses for professional software and creativity apps used by millions of architects, engineers, designers, and hobbyists today. Bring Autodesk software into your classroom, studio, or workshop to learn, teach, and explore real-world design challenges the way professionals do.

Get started today – register at the Autodesk Education Community and download one of the many Autodesk software applications available. Visit www. The software is for personal use for education purposes and is not intended for classroom or lab use.

After receiving a B. She is skilled in leading individuals and small groups to understand and build on their potential. Practice Files The Practice Files page tells you how to download and install the practice files that are provided with this student guide. Page 2 of 6 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Chapters Each chapter begins with a brief introduction and a list of the chapter’s Learning Objectives.

Instructional Content Each chapter is split into a series of sections of instructional content on specific topics. These lectures include the descriptions, step-by-step procedures, figures, hints, and information you need to achieve the chapter’s Learning Objectives. Page 3 of 6 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals Practices Practices enable you to use the software to perform a hands-on review of a topic. Some practices require you to use prepared practice files, which can be downloaded from the link found on the Practice Files page.

Chapter Review Questions Chapter review questions, located at the end of each chapter, enable you to review the key concepts and learning objectives of the chapter. It contains a list of the software commands that are used throughout the chapter, and provides information on where the command is found in the software.

Autodesk Certification Exam Appendix This appendix includes a list of the topics and objectives for the Autodesk Certification exams, and the chapter and section in which the relevant content can be found. Icons in This Learning Guide Page 5 of 6 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals The following icons are used to help you quickly and easily find helpful information.

New in Indicates items that are new in the Autodesk Revit software. Enhanced in Indicates items that have been enhanced in the Autodesk Revit software. Understanding the software interface and terminology enhances your ability to create powerful models and move around in the various views of the model.

Navigate the graphic user interface, including the ribbon where most of the tools are found , the Properties palette where you make modifications to element information , and the Project Browser where you can open various views of the model. Open existing projects and start new projects using templates. Use viewing commands to move around the model in 2D and 3D views. The BIM process supports the ability to coordinate, update, and share design data with team members across disciplines.

It enables you to create complete 3D building models as shown on the left in Figure that provide considerable information reported through construction documents, and enables you to share these models with other programs for more extensive analysis.

Figure The Autodesk Revit software is considered a Parametric Building Modeler: Parametric: A relationship is established between building elements: when one element changes, other related elements change as well. For example, if you add an element in a plan view, it also displays in all of the other views. Building: The software is designed for working with buildings and the surrounding landscape, as opposed to gears or highways.

Modeler: A project is built in a single file based on the 3D building model, as shown on the left in Figure All views, such as plans as shown on the right in Figure , elevations, sections, details, construction documents, and reports are Page 2 of 38 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals generated based on the model.

It is important that everyone who is collaborating on a project works in the same version and build of the software. Workflow and BIM BIM has changed the process of how a building is planned, budgeted, designed, constructed, and in some cases operated and maintained. In the traditional design process, construction documents are created independently, typically including plans, sections, elevations, details, and notes. Sometimes, a separate 3D model is created in addition to these documents.

Changes made in one document, such as the addition of a light fixture in a plan, have to be coordinated with the rest of the documents and schedules in the set, as shown in Figure Plans, elevations, and sections are simply 2D versions of the 3D model, while and schedules are a report of the information stored in the model.

Changes made in one view automatically update in all views and related schedules. Even Construction Documents update automatically with callout tags in sync with the sheet numbers. This is called bidirectional associativity.

Note By creating complete models and associated views of those models, the Autodesk Revit software takes much of the tediousness out of producing a building design. Figure Revit Terms Page 3 of 38 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals When working in the Autodesk Revit software, it is important to know the typical terms used to describe items. Views and reports display information about the elements that form a project.

There are three types of elements: Model, Datum, and View-specific, as shown in Figure and described below: Views Enable you to display and manipulate the model. For example, you can view and work in floor plans, ceiling plans, elevations, sections, schedules, and 3D views.

You can change a design from any view. All views are stored in the project. Reports Reports, including schedules, gather information from the building model element that can be presented in the construction documents or used for analysis.

Model Elements Include all parts of a building such as walls, floors, roofs, ceilings, doors, windows, plumbing fixtures, lighting fixtures, mechanical equipment, columns, beams, furniture, plants and many more.

Host elements support other categories of elements. Hosted elements must be attached to a host element. Standalone elements do not require hosts. Datum Elements Define the project context such as the levels for the floors and other vertical distances, column grids, and reference planes. Viewspecific Elements Only display in the view in which they are placed. The view scale controls their size. These include annotation elements such as dimensions, text, tags, and symbols as well as detail elements such as detail lines, filled regions, and 2D detail components.

Autodesk Revit elements are “smart”: the software recognizes them as walls, columns, plants, ducts, or lighting fixtures. This means that the information stored in their properties automatically updates in schedules, which ensures that views and reports are coordinated across an entire project, and are generated from a single model. Figure Revit and Construction Documents In the traditional workflow, the most time-consuming part of the project is the construction documents.

With BIM, the base views of those documents i. The views are then placed on sheets that form the construction document set. For example, a floor plan is duplicated. Then, in the new view, all but the required categories of elements are hidden or set to Page 4 of 38 Autodesk Revit Structure Fundamentals halftone and annotations are added. The plan is then placed on a sheet, as shown in Figure Work can continue on a view and is automatically updated on the sheet.

Annotating views in the preliminary design phase is often not required. You might be able to wait until you are further along in the project. Figure 1. The interface is shown in Figure Quick Access Too bar 6. Properties Palette 2. Status Bar 7. Project Browser 3. File tab 8. View Window 4. Ribbon 9. Navigation Bar 5. Options Bar It also includes frequently used annotation tools, including Measuring tools, Aligned Dimension, Tag by Category, and Text.

Viewing tools, including several different 3D Views and Sections, are also easily accessed here. Hint: Customizing the Quick Access Toolbar Right-click on the Quick Access Toolbar to change the docked location of the toolbar to be above or below the ribbon, or to add, relocate, or remove tools on the toolbar.

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